Study on Characteristics of Ricinoleic Acid as a Phase Change Material

Firman, Firman and I, Nyoman Gede Wardana and Sudjito, Soeparman and Nurkholis, Hamidi (2016) Study on Characteristics of Ricinoleic Acid as a Phase Change Material. Applied Mechanics and Material, 818. pp. 39-43. ISSN 1662-7482


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Today the use of fatty acids as heat storage substance is growing. The use of several types of fatty acids such as oleic acid, palmitic acid, and stearic acid as heat storage materials has been studied. But, ricinoleic acid from castor oil has not been studied yet. This study was conducted to ascertain the characteristics of ricinoleic acid as a heat storage material. Methyl ricinoleic was obtained through transesterification of castor oil by methanol with sodium methoxide catalyst. Methyl ricinoleic was then hydrolyzed using sodium hydroxide in ethanol to produce ricinoleic acid. Ricinoleic acid was identified by FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer) test standard ASTM E 1252-07 and its chemical composition was determined by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The identification of the type, amount, and environment of hydrogen in the compound was determined by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). The analysis on characteristics, that is, transition and melting temperatures of material was performed by DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry) test standard ASTM D 3419-08. Based on the results of FTIR, GC-MS, 1H-NMR, dan 13C-NMR tests, the spectra that were obtained indicated that the test substances were methyl and ricinoleic acid 70.349%. And, the results of DSC tests indicated that the characteristics of ricinoleic acid absorbed and released latent heat at the temperature from 8.58oC and absorbed sensible heat at the temperature from 7.96oC to 8.58oC.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Department of Mechanical Engineering > Teknik Konversi Energi
Depositing User: Firman
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2017 09:01
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 08:31

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