Experimental and numerical modeling of sand column applied on recharge reservoir to control seawater intrusion

Akhmad, Azis and Hamzah, Yusuf and Sugiarto, Badaruddin and Muh., Taufik Iqbal and Zulviyah, Faisal and Haeril, Abdi Hasanuddin (2020) Experimental and numerical modeling of sand column applied on recharge reservoir to control seawater intrusion. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 419 (2020) 012120, 419 (012120).

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Official URL: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1755-13...

Abstract

Excessive groundwater exploitation may lead to groundwater depletion, causing groundwater level at the inland lower than sea level and result in seawater intrusion (SWI) in a coastal aquifer. To control the occurrence of SWI, an alternative solution is to increase the replenishment of groundwater using a recharge reservoir. If a recharge reservoir is built in a region with soil hydraulic conductivity below 10-5 cm/s (semi impermeable), then a sand column is usually proposed, put on the bottom of the recharge basin and directly connected to the aquifer layer. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of the sand column's application in the recharge reservoir to control SWI. This research is an experimental study that combines physical and numerical modeling of the recharge basin with sand columns under a laboratory scale. The results of this research are beneficial for field applications because the process that occurs in the recharge reservoir can be determined prior to the real construction in the field. The results of the research are also useful to investigate whether the recharge reservoir is effective or not as a buffer of SWI in coastal aquifers. The expected result is that by using sand columns in the recharge basin, seawater intrusion can be controlled. It is hypothesized that the higher the number of sand column density and water level on the reservoir, the farther the freshwater saltwater interface is pushed toward the sea.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering > Teknik Konstruksi Sipil
Depositing User: sipil editor
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2020 06:27
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2020 06:27
URI: http://repository.poliupg.ac.id/id/eprint/1246

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